International Clinical and Medical Case Reports Journal (ISSN: 2832-5788) | Volume 1, Issue 2 | Review Article | Open Access

The Worldwide Burden of Paediatric Cataract: A Review

Sana Parveen*

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS, Sawanghi (M), Wardha. Maharashtra, India

*Correspondence to: Sana Parveen 

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Introduction: This article reviews the causes of childhood blindness, the legal interpretation of blindness and highlights the role of surgery in the management of these children.

Background: The term blindness is a general term that can include those with legal blindness and reduced vision. The global initiative by the World Health Organization (WHO) for elimination of avoidable and preventable blindness by year 2020 has given highest priority to the control of childhood blindness. Globally, around 285 million people are visually impaired, out of which the number of blind people is an estimated 39 million.

Blindness prevalence among children in affluent regions is about 0.3/1000 children, and in the poor communities it is approximately 1.5/1000.

Methods: E literature on Paediatric Cataract was retrieved from PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane database. Keywords and phrases used during the search included “aphakia,” “paediatric,” “cataract” and “blindness”.

Conclusion: A vast number of factors are needed to be considered when deciding on the treatment of choice for paediatric cataract. The decision whether to implant an IOL or leaving the child aphakic, needs compliance and planning and compliance along with family support. Adequate rehabilitation of neuro-ophthalmic axis is extremely important for better long-term visual outcomes.


Paediatrics; Blindness; Surgery; Children


Ashraf S, Bhasin P, Dhage A, Parveen S. The Worldwide Burden of Paediatric Cataract: A Review. Int Clinc Med Case Rep Jour. 2022;1(2):1-7.